Antoine, Andr Ndr? Ntwn [key], 1858?1943, French theatrical director, manager, and critic. In opposition to the teachings of the Paris Conservatory, he formed (1887) his own company, the Thtre Libre. There he presented, by private subscriptions, foremost works of the naturalistic school. He emphasized an intimate style of acting and a realistic use of space and tried to eliminate grand posturing. Financial failure forced him to relinquish the theater (1894). In 1897 he founded the Thtre Antoine, where he continued the tradition of his Thtre Libre for 10 years. He was director (1906?14) of the Odon in Paris and after World War I became a respected drama critic.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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