Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre əlēshäNˈdrə ərko͞oläˈno͝o ᵺĭ kərväˈlyo͝o ĕ ərouˈzho͝o [key], 1810–77, Portuguese historian. One of the outstanding thinkers of his time, he is considered the first modern Portuguese historian. His great four-volume history of Portugal (1846–53) is notable for its treatment of feudal institutions and of social conditions. He is also known for his history of the Inquisition in Portugal (tr. 1926, repr. 1972).

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