Gavarni gävärnē´ [key], pseud. of Sulpice Guillaume Chevalier sülpēs´ gēyōm´ shəvälyā´ [key], 1804–66, French caricaturist and lithographer. He was first known for his amusing drawings of costumes, which appeared in the Mode. Later he contributed satirical drawings to Charivari. In his early delineation of society he appeared more capricious than his great contemporary Daumier. However, Gavarni's last work, published mostly in L'Illustration, reflects a bitter attitude. His trip to London in 1847 resulted in drawings strongly condemning working-class conditions there. Gavarni produced over 8,000 drawings, watercolors, and lithographs.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: European Art, 1600 to the Present: Biographies