Patinir, Joachim de

Patinir, Patenier, or Patiner, Joachim de all: yō´äkhĭm də pätĭnēr´ [key], d. 1524, Flemish landscape and religious painter. He probably studied with Gerard David in Bruges. In 1515 he was a member of the painters' guild in Antwerp, where he spent the remainder of his life. In 1521 his friend Dürer attended his second wedding and painted his portrait. Patinir was the first Flemish painter to regard himself primarily as a landscape painter. While small figures supply the theme of his pictures, they were sometimes painted by other artists. His immense vistas, painted with a limpid and meticulous clarity, have a serene lyricism. Among the best are The Flight into Egypt (Antwerp); The Rest on the Flight into Egypt (Prado); The Baptism of Christ (Vienna); St. John at Patmos (National Gall., London); and Rest by the Way (Minneapolis Inst. of Arts). The Metropolitan Museum has a fine triptych, The Penitence of St. Jerome.

See study by R. A. Koch (1968).

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