Ballanche, Pierre-Simon pyĕr-sēmôN´ bäläNsh´ [key], 1776–1847, French philosopher. A frequenter of Mme Récamier's salon, he was elected to the Académie française in 1842. He is regarded as the precursor of both liberal Catholicism and romanticism . In Palingénésie (1827–32) he historically documents his belief in cyclical cultural rebirth. In addition to essays, Ballanche wrote didactic fiction, including a Christianized Antigone (1813) and L ' Homme sans nom [man without a name] (1820).
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