Biko, Steve (Steven Biko)bē´kō [key], 1946–77, South African political leader. A medical student, he founded (1969) a black student organization and developed a national
black consciousnessmovement to combat racism and apartheid policies. Arrested in 1977, he died in police custody, prompting international protests and a UN arms embargo. In 1997 five former policemen admitted killing him.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Southern African History: Biographies