Bernstorff, Johann Hartwig Ernst

Bernstorff, Johann Hartwig Ernst yōhän´ härt´vĭkh bĕrns´tôrf [key], 1712–72, Danish politician, of German (Hanoverian) origin. As minister of foreign affairs (1751–70) under Frederick V and Christian VII, he successfully kept Denmark at peace. In 1767 he negotiated with Russia a provisional treaty by which the Danish crown was to cede Oldenburg to Catherine II of Russia in exchange for ducal Holstein . In 1770, Christian VII, under the influence of Struensee , dismissed Bernstorff.

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