Merneptah

Merneptah m?rn?pt [key], d. c.1215 BC, king of ancient Egypt, of the XIX dynasty; son and successor of Ramses II. He succeeded (1224 BC) to the throne when he was already advanced in years. He quelled a revolt in Syria and repulsed a Libyan invasion of the western delta of the Nile. The first recorded mention of the name of Israel was found in an inscription on a stele of Merneptah exulting in a victory. His reign was apparently the beginning of the decline of Egypt. After his death a period of palace intrigues began. Seti II was one of the kings who reigned briefly after Merneptah.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Egypt: Biographies