Gylippus jĭlĭˈpəs [key], fl. 415–404 b.c., Spartan commander in the Peloponnesian War. He was sent to help Syracuse in its defense against Athenian attack, and it was his resourcefulness and skill combined with Athenian ineptitude that brought about one of the greatest defeats Athens suffered (413 b.c.). Later he was banished from Sparta for stealing public money.

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