Periander pĕrˈēănˌdər [key], d. 585 b.c., one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece, tyrant of Corinth. His rule raised his city to a high state of prosperity, and he established friendly relations with other rulers. He established colonies at Potidaea and probably at Apollonia near the Adriatic coast, and he fought successfully against Epidaurus and Corcyra (now Kérkira). During his reign the arts flourished, as is evidenced by the ruins of the Apollo temple and the Peirene fountain at Corinth and the Gorgon pediment at Corcyra.

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