Hugh Capet kā´pĭt, kăp´ĭt [key], c.938–996, king of France (987–96), first of the Capetians . He was the son of Hugh the Great , to whose vast territories he succeeded in 956. After the death of Louis V , last Carolingian king of France, the nobles and prelates elected him king, setting aside the last Carolingian claimant, Charles I of Lower Lorraine. In order to secure the succession, Hugh took as his associate his son Robert (later King Robert II ); he gave away much of his land to secure the dynasty. He spent much of his reign fighting Charles and later became involved in a controversy with the papacy—unsettled at his death—over deposition of the Carolingian archbishop of Reims.
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