Neurath, Constantin, Baron von

Neurath, Constantin, Baron von kôn´stäntēn bärôn´ fən noi´rät˝ [key], 1873–1956, German diplomat. After holding numerous diplomatic posts, he was (1932–38) foreign minister under chancellors Franz von Papen and Kurt von Schleicher . A supporter of Adolf Hitler's foreign policy, he remained in office after Hitler took over the government. In 1938 he was dismissed in favor of Joachim von Ribbentrop . Following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, Neurath was appointed (1939) protector of Bohemia and Moravia; however, he was considered too lenient in his treatment of the Czechs and was replaced by Reinhard Heydrich in 1941. At the Nuremberg war-crimes trial Neurath was sentenced (1946) to imprisonment for 15 years. In 1954 he was released because of illness; he died two years later.

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