Haugwitz, Christian August Heinrich, Graf von
Haugwitz, Christian August Heinrich, Graf von hīn´rĭkh gräf fən houk´vĭts [key], 1752–1832, Prussian foreign minister (1802–4, 1805–6). In 1805, after the French victory at Austerlitz, Haugwitz tried to appease Napoleon I by concluding treaties with France that involved humiliating Prussian subservience to French policy and open Franco-Prussian alliance. Dissatisfaction with the terms and continued French mobilization on Prussia's frontiers finally led in Oct., 1806, to Prussia's declaration of war against France and subsequent defeat at Jena. Haugwitz, dismissed from office, retired to Italy, where he died.
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