Li Yüan-hung lē yüän-ho͝ong [key], 1864–1928, president of China (1916–17, 1922–23). A brigade commander under the Ch'ing dynasty, Li was compelled by army rebels to become military governor of Hubei prov. in the republican revolution of 1911. Elected vice president (1912) of the new republican government, Li assumed the presidency (1916) on the death of Yüan Shih-kai but was soon overshadowed by Tuan Ch'i-jui, premier and leader of the Anfu warlord clique. He was restored as president (1922) by the rival Chihli military clique in an unsuccessful attempt to conciliate the Kuomintang party.
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