Duruy, Victor v?ktr dr? [key], 1811?94, French historian. He was a professor at Reims and Paris, and as minister of public instruction (1863?69) under Napoleon III he encouraged the adoption of the principle of free obligatory elementary education. His best-known work is his Histoire des Romans (7 vol., 1870?85; tr., 8 vol., 1883), but he also wrote other popular histories, notably of Greece and France. He was elected to the French Academy in 1884.
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