Primo de Rivera, José Antonio

Primo de Rivera, José Antonio prē´mō ᵺā rēvā´rä [key], 1903–36, Spanish political leader, son of Miguel Primo de Rivera. Founder (1933) of the Falange, the Spanish fascist party, José Antonio was executed (Nov., 1936) by the Loyalists after the outbreak of the Spanish civil war. He became a right-wing martyr and was celebrated by Francisco Franco's Nationalist Movement.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Spanish and Portuguese History: Biographies