Bulwer, William Henry Lytton Earle, Baron Dalling and Bulwer

Bulwer, William Henry Lytton Earle, Baron Dalling and Bulwer bo͝ol´wər; lĭt´ən [key], 1801–72, English diplomat and author; brother of the novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton. He was known most of his life as Sir Henry Bulwer. Although he sat in Parliament for some years (1830–37, 1868–71), he was most prominent as a diplomat. As secretary of the embassy in Constantinople (1837–38) he secured a commercial treaty with Turkey. He was ambassador to Spain (1843–48) during the affair of the Spanish Marriages (see Isabella II ) but was ordered to leave by the dictator Ramón Narváez, whom he offended. As minister to Washington (1849–52), he concluded the important Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850. Among his later diplomatic posts were Florence, Bucharest, and, again, Constantinople (1858–65). He was created a baron in 1871. His writings include An Autumn in Greece (1826), France: Social, Literary, and Political (1834–36), Historical Characters (1867), and biographies of Lord Byron (1835) and Viscount Palmerston (1870–74, unfinished).

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