Five years later Cheney was picked by Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush to be his vice presidential running mate, and, despite losing the popular vote, they narrowly defeated the Gore-Lieberman ticket in the electoral college. Extremely close to President Bush, Cheney brought an unusual degree of executive branch experience to the vice presidency. These factors and his status as a Republican party elder and unlikely future presidential candidate made him one of the most influential vice presidents in more recent American history, particularly in the areas of national security, the economy and taxes, and the federal budget. Cheney became an advocate of a presidency of reinvigorated, enhanced, and minimally constrained power. Within the administration, he was a prominent advocate of invading Iraq and of the use of
enhanced interrogation techniques that are considered torture under international law.
Bush and Cheney were reelected in 2004, this time winning a clear majority of the popular vote. In 2005, however, the indictment of Cheney's chief of staff, I. Lewis Libby, Jr., on charges of lying to and obstructing an investigation into the leaking (2003) of a CIA officer's name was an embarrassment for the administration. (Richard Armitage, a former deputy secretary of state, revealed in 2006 that he had been responsible for the leak of the CIA officer's name that had led to the investigation; he said the act had been inadvertent.) Libby's trial (2007), which ended in his conviction, revealed information about Cheney's involvement in Libby's actions in 2003 and raised questions about whether Cheney had any involvement in obstructing the investigation. After leaving the vice presidency, Cheney became an outspoken critic of the Obama administration.
In 1964 Cheney married
See his In My Time: A Personal and Political Memoir (with his daughter L. Cheney, 2011); biography by S. F. Hayes (2007); J. Mann, Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet (2004); C. Savage, Takeover: The Return of the Imperial Presidency and the Subversion of American Democracy (2007); B. Gellman, Angler: The Cheney Vice-Presidency (2008); P. Baker, Days of Fire: Bush and Cheney in the White House (2013); J. Mann, The Great Rift: Dick Cheney, Colin Powell and the Broken Friendship That Defined an Era (2020); R. J. Cutler, dir., The World According to Dick Cheney (documentary, 2013).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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