conquistador kŏnkwĭs´tədôr, Span. kōng-kē˝stäᵺôr´ [key]
, military leader in the Spanish conquest of the New World in the 16th cent. Francisco Pizarro
, the conqueror of Peru, and Hernán Cortés
, the conqueror of Mexico, were the greatest of the conquistadors. The name is frequently used to mean any daring, ruthless adventurer.
See P. Horgan, Conquistadors in North American History (1963); F. A. Kirkpatrick, The Spanish Conquistadores (2d ed. 1967).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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