Albania's economy advanced during his reign, and a modern legal system was introduced. Zog attempted to avoid further Italian encroachment, but the appearance (1934) of an Italian fleet at Durazzo forced him into submission. In Apr., 1939, Italy invaded and quickly subdued Albania. Zog, who had married the Hungarian-American countess Geraldine Apponyi in 1938, fled with his queen and two-day-old son. Victor Emmanuel III, of Italy, was proclaimed king; he abdicated in 1943, and Communist partisans gained control of Albania (1944) and proclaimed it a people's republic (1946). Zog was in exile in England, Egypt, and France until his death; his remains were reinterred in Albania in 2012. Upon Zog's death, his son (1939–2011) was proclaimed Leka I by Albanian exiles; he eventually returned to Albania and died there.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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