Czechoslovakiachĕk˝ōslōväk´ēə [key], Czech Československochĕs´kōslōvĕn˝skō [key], former federal republic, 49,370 sq mi (127,869 sq km), in central Europe. On Jan. 1, 1993, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic (see Slovakia) became independent states and Czechoslovakia ceased to exist. (For history prior to 1918 as well as geographic and economic information, see Bohemia; Czech Republic;
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