Cabochiens [key], popular faction in Paris in the early 15th cent. Composed largely of small tradespeople and members of the butchers' and skinners' guilds, it was named after one of the leaders, Simon Lecoustellier, called Caboche, a skinner. Opposed to the ruinous and corrupt fiscal practices of the government and the extravagance of the court, the Cabochiens espoused the cause of John the Fearless of Burgundy in the civil war (1411–13) between Armagnacs and Burgundians. In 1413 they rebelled, violently seized the government of Paris, and promulgated the so-called ordonnance cabochienne, containing radical reforms. The Cabochiens were soon suppressed by the victorious Armagnacs.
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