Cabal kəbăl´ [key], inner group of advisers to Charles II of England. Their initials form the word (which is, however, of older origin)— Clifford of Chudleigh , Ashley (Lord Shaftesbury ), Buckingham (George Villiers), Arlington (Henry Bennet), and Lauderdale (John Maitland). Although they were never a working ministry, one or more of this group dominated court policy from 1667 through 1673.
See study by M. Lee (1965).
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