Ginastera, Alberto älbār´tō hēnästā´rä [key], 1916–83, Argentinean composer, b. Buenos Aires. Ginastera is considered among the most prominent Latin American composers of the 20th cent. His early works used Latin American folk material; later compositions were less nationalistic and utilized serial techniques (see serial music). Among Ginastera's best-known works are the ballets Panambi (1940) and Estancia (1941); a piano sonata (1952); the Variations Concertantes for orchestra (1953); piano, violin, harp, and cello concertos; and the operas Don Rodrigo (1964), Bomarzo (1967), and Beatrix Cenci (1971). In 1970 he moved to Geneva, Switzerland, where he spent the rest of his life.
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