Pharnaces II fär´nəsēz [key], d. 47 BC, king of Pontus, son of Mithradates VI. In the Roman civil war he overran Colchis and central Asia Minor. Julius Caesar came from Egypt and defeated (47 BC) him at Zela—with such ease that Caesar informed the senate with the words
Veni, vidi, vici[I came, I saw, I conquered]. Pharnaces was killed soon afterward in a revolt.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies