Correa Delgado, Rafael Vicente

Correa Delgado, Rafael Vicente räfäāl´ vēsān´tā kōrā´ä delgä´ᵺō [key], 1963–, Ecuadorian economist and political leader, president of Ecuador (2007–2017), b. Guayaquil. A leftist economist (Ph.D Univ. of Illinois, 2001), he served briefly as minister of finance (2006) under interim President Alfredo Palacio before running as populist reformer in the 2006 presidential election. A friend of Venezuela's President Hugo Chávez , Correa called for constitutional reform, restructuring Ecuador's foreign debt, antipoverty programs, and anticorruption measures. Although Correa placed second in the first round of voting, he won a solid majority after a runoff against businessman Álvaro Noboa. In 2007 he won a referendum on calling a national assembly to rewrite the constitution, and the resulting charter, which increased the president's and the government's powers, was adopted in 2008. Correa was reelected in 2009 and 2013. He expanded access to education and health care, adopted socialist measures, and also generally brought political stability to Ecuador but was criticized by opponents and some allies as confrontational and bullying. He went abroad after his presidency and criticized his successor, Lenín Moreno , his former vice president; in 2018 he refused to return to Ecuador for questioning in an investigation into the attempted kidnapping (2012) in Colombia of a political opponent.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ecuador History: Biographies