pä˝pəndrā´o͞o, 1888–1968, Greek political leader, father of Andreas Papandreou and grandfather of George Papandreou (b. 1952). As a young man he became involved in antiroyalist politics, serving as a member of parliament, interior minister (1923), and in several other government posts during the Republic of 1924–35. He was exiled in 1936 by the Greek dictator John Metaxas. Papandreou was active in the Greek resistance in World War II and headed (1944–45) the government-in-exile. A staunch anti-Communist, he served (1946–52) in a number of Social Democratic cabinets and formed (1961) the liberal Center Union party, which won the elections of Nov., 1963. Papandreou's progressive policies as premier aroused much opposition in conservative circles. In July, 1965, he was dismissed by King Constantine II following a dispute over control of the ministry of defense. After the military coup by George Papadopoulos in Apr., 1967, Papandreou was arrested and then placed sporadically under house detention until his death.
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