Goremykin, Ivan Longinovich [key], 1839–1917, Russian statesman. A conservative, he was (1895–99) interior minister under Czar Nicholas II and succeeded (1906) Count Witte as premier. The first duma (1906) opposed his reactionary government, and his incompetence in handling the Duma led to his dismissal. Premier again from 1914 to 1916, Goremykin was regarded as the embodiment of reaction and a tool of Grigori Rasputin and was forced to resign. He was arrested briefly after the February Revolution (1917) in Russia, but was allowed to retire to his estate in the Caucasus, where he was murdered by a mob, probably Bolsheviks.
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