Kalinin, Mikhail Ivanovich
Kalinin, Mikhail Ivanovich mēkhəyēl´ ēvä´nəvĭch kəlyē´nyĭn [key], 1875–1946, Russian revolutionary. Of peasant origin, he was active in revolutionary affairs from his youth. He became the first chairman of the central executive committee of the USSR, or titular head of state (1919–46), and was a member (1925–46) of the politburo.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Russian, Soviet, and CIS History: Biographies