Monckton, Robert mŭngk´tən [key], 1726–82, British general. After service in Flanders and Germany during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48), he was sent (1752) to Nova Scotia, where he suppressed (1753) an insurrection of German settlers at Lunenburg. In 1755 he led a large force that took Fort Beauséjour and other forts from the French, establishing British control of Nova Scotia. He was made lieutenant governor of the colony and carried out the governor's orders in deporting the Acadians (see Acadia). He was second in command to James Wolfe in the campaign against Quebec (1759). In 1761 he was made governor of New York. He was commander of the land forces in Admiral George Rodney's expedition against Martinique (1761–62). He returned to England in 1763 and was succeeded as governor in 1765.
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