Pelosi, Nancy Patricia
Pelosi, Nancy Patricia pəlō´sē [key], 1940–, U.S. congresswoman, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (2007–11, 2019–), b. Baltimore as Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro. The daughter of Thomas J. D'Alesandro, Jr., who served as Baltimore's mayor and a congressman, she moved to California, where she became active in the Democratic party. In 1987 she was was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in a special election. A liberal from San Francisco, she became minority whip in 2001 and, succeeding Dick Gephardt, minority leader in 2003, becoming the first woman to hold high-ranking leadership positions in the U.S. Congress. Democratic victories in the 2006 and 2008 congressional elections led to her election as Speaker of the House; she became the first woman to hold the post. After the Democrats lost their majority in 2010, Pelosi again was minority leader (2011–19); she again became speaker after the Democrats won a majority in 2018.
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