Gligorov, Kiro kēr´ō glēgō´rôf [key], 1917–2012, Macedonian political leader, b. Štip, Serbia (now in Macedonia), grad. Univ. of Belgrade Law School (1938). He fought with Yugoslavia's communist partisans during World War II and later held a number of offices in the Yugoslav government. In Jan., 1991, he became president of Macedonia while it was still a Yugoslav republic and led it through the referendum that established Macedonia as an independent nation; it was the only Yugoslav republic to secede peacefully. Gligorov was president of Macedonia through two terms, serving until Nov., 1999. He was severely injured in an assassination attempt in 1995.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Yugoslavian History: Biographies