Bardiyah or Bardiaboth: bärdē´ä, bär´dēä [key], town, NE Libya, a port on the Mediterranean Sea, near the Egyptian border. During World War II it was the most strongly defended Italian position in the British campaign (Dec., 1940–Feb., 1941) in Libya. The town changed hands several times before being captured permanently by the British in Nov., 1942.

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