Europa Island yo͝orō´pə [key], volcanic island, c.11 sq mi (28 sq km), between Madagascar and Mozambique in the Mozambique Channel, W Indian Ocean, part of the Scattered Islands district in the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. A possession of France since 1897, Europa is flat, low-lying, and heavily wooded. Classified as a wildlife sanctuary, it is the site of a small military garrison. a weather station, and a tiny airstrip. Administered by a commissioner based in Réunion, the island is also claimed by Madagascar.
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