Doha dōˈhä [key], city (2021 est. metro area pop. 646,000), capital of Qatar, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. Doha was a small fishing and pearling village until oil production in Qatar began in 1949. Since then it has become a modern city, with a deepwater port and an international airport. Fishing is still an important industry. Qatar Univ. and Education City (a cluster of U.S. overseas campuses) are there, as are the Museum of Islamic Art (designed by I. M. Pei) and the National Museum of Qatar (designed by Jean Nouvel).

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