Mukalla məkäˈlə, mo͞okălˈə [key], town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there. In 2015–16, during the Yemeni civil war, Al Qaeda—linked militants seized control of Mukalla.

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