It was founded in 1537, taken by Haidar Ali (c.1760), but restored to the original rulers of Bengaluru after the British defeated Tippoo Sahib, the son of Haidar Ali, at Shrirangapatna in 1799. As Bangalore it was British India's military and civil administrative station from 1831 to 1881. The remains of the palace of Tippoo Sahib and several institutes of learning, notably the Indian Institute of Science, are outstanding landmarks. The city was renamed from Bangalore, the anglicized version of the local name, to Bengaluru (sometimes spelled Bengalooru) in 2006, but the central government did not approve the change until 2014.
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