Formerly the Naga Hills–Tuensang area in Assam state, Nagaland gained full state status in 1961. During World War II, Kohima was the site in 1944 of a British and Indian victory over the Japanese that, together with the victory at Imphal, thwarted an invasion of India. In the mid-1990s, there were increased attacks by Naga guerrillas who favored extending the state of Nagaland to include Manipur and portions of the two other bordering states, as well as a portion of Myanmar. Talks with the guerrillas began in 1997, but there has continued to be fighting, often between guerrilla factions.
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