Vellore vĕlôr´ [key], city (1991 pop. 310,776), Tamil Nadu state, SE India, on the Palar River. It is a district administrative center and an agricultural market town. In the 18th cent. Vellore was the stronghold of the Indian leaders Haidar Ali and his son Tippoo Sahib , and it was the site of a brief sepoy uprising against the British in 1806. An ancient fort, a 14th-century temple of the Hindu god Shiva, and a Christian medical college are in the city. Vellore has one of India's best hospital facilities.

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