Negeri Sembilan nā´gərē sĕmbē´lən [key] or Negri Sembilan nā´grē sĕmbē´lən [key], state (1991 pop. 691,150), 2,564 sq mi (6,641 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. The capital is Seremban . Its principal rivers are the Linggi on the west and the Muar on the east. Rubber and rice are grown and exported; tin is mined and also exported. More than half the inhabitants are non-Malays (Chinese and Indians). The separate political existence of Negeri Sembilan began in the 18th cent. After a considerable immigration of Minangkabaus from Sumatra, the Negeri Sembilan [nine states] broke away (1777) from the sultanate of Riau and Johor to form a loose confederation. Each state was then practically independent. The British established their influence by making treaties with the separate states (1874–89) and by reforming them into a closer federation (1895). Negeri Sembilan became one of the Federated Malay States (1896) and in 1948 became part of the Federation of Malaya (see Malaysia ).
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