Shakhty shäkh´tē [key], city (1989 pop. 226,000), SW European Russia; a major anthracite-mining center of the Donets Basin. Industrial products include iron, clothing, brewed beverages, and footwear. Shakhty, founded in 1829 as a coal-mining settlement, was known as Aleksandrov-Grushevski until 1920. In 1928 a show trial of engineers was held, at which they were accused of sabotaging production in Shakhty on orders from the Germans. The trial initiated a period of terror against technicians and engineers.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography