Yarmouth

Yarmouth yär´məth [key], city (1991 pop. 7,781), SW N.S., Canada, on the Atlantic Ocean. It is a port, with exports of lumber, fish, berries, and Irish moss. Manufactures include wood products, iron castings, and textiles. Yarmouth, a summer resort and tourist center, has a ferry connection with Portland, Maine. The region was visited (1604) by Champlain, who named it Cap Fourchu, and it became a French fishing settlement. In 1759 a few settlers came to the site of the city from Yarmouth, Mass., and called it after their former home. The city was founded in 1761, when a larger group of settlers came from Sandwich, Mass. They were followed by Acadians (1767) from the Grand-Pré district and by United Empire Loyalists (1785).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Canadian Political Geography