Barentsburg bä´rəntsbo͝org [key], town, Spitsbergen island, Svalbard, Norway. Though tourism is increasingly economically significant, Barentsburg was originally a coal-mining settlement, established (1912) by a Norwegian company. The mines have been worked by the Dutch (1921–26) and after 1932 by the Russians. It was totally destroyed (Sept., 1943) by German battleships but quickly rebuilt.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Scandinavian Physical Geography