Bornholm is a low tableland, rocky and steep on its northern and western coasts. Farming, fishing, handicrafts, and tourism are the chief occupations; granite and kaolin are the main exports. Rønne is the principal town of the island and county.
Bornholm was divided (1149) between Denmark and Sweden, ruled (1327–1522) by the Danish archbishops, governed (1525–76) by Lübeck merchants, and ceded (1658) to Denmark. After Germany's surrender (May, 1945) in World War II, German forces made a desperate stand on Bornholm before Soviet troops forced them to surrender.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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