Abdera ăbdē´rə [key] or Avdiraävdē´rä [key], town, NE Greece, in Thrace, near the mouth of the Mesta River. It is a small agricultural settlement. Founded (c.650 BC) by colonists from Clazomenae, it was destroyed by the Thracians (c.550 BC) and rebuilt (c.500 BC) by refugees from Teos. The town passed to Macedon in 352 BC and in 198 BC became a free city under Roman rule. The term Abderite was used by the ancient Greeks as a synonym for stupid. However, the philosophers Protagoras, Leucippus, and Democritus lived there.

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