Roanoke

Roanoke rō´ənōk [key], city (1990 pop. 96,397), independent and in no co., SW Va., on the Roanoke River settled c.1740, inc. 1882, as a city, 1884. It is situated between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mts., at the southern end of the Shenandoah valley. A tiny village known as Big Lick until the establishment of a railroad junction there in 1882, Roanoke developed into the region's commercial, transportation, and industrial center. It contains railroad shops and factories that manufacture machinery chemicals metal, concrete, and plastic products foods and beverages fixtures electrical equipment and furniture. Hollins Univ. is there, and Roanoke College is nearby. The city is headquarters for the Jefferson National Forest. Of interest are transportation, science, and art museums and a planetarium.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Political Geography

Browse By Subject