Limousin lēmo͞ozăN´ [key], region and former province, S central France, in the arid, hilly country W of the Auvergne Mts. It comprises the depts. of Corrèze, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne, and is part of the administrative region of New Aquitaine. Limoges, the historic capital, is the center of ceramics industries, for which the abundant kaolin of the region is used; both Limoges and Tulle are important markets for the cattle raised in most of Limousin; Brive-la-Gaillarde is surrounded by fertile lowlands. In 918, Limousin was enfeoffed to the duchy of Aquitaine, and much of its history is essentially that of Aquitaine . Ravaged by Edward the Black Prince in the Hundred Years War, Limousin was reconquered for France (1370–74) by Bertrand du Guesclin. It remained a depressed area until Turgot became intendant (1761–64) and introduced notable reforms.
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