Solesmes sôlĕm´ [key], village (1993 est. pop. 1,284), Sarthe dept., NW France. Its famous Benedictine Abbey de Saint-Pierre de Solesmes (founded 1010) was a pilgrimage site and led in the revival of the pure Gregorian chant (see plainsong). The abbey church contains invaluable 15th- and 16th-century sculptures.
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