Fermanagh fərmăn´ə [key], district (1991 pop. 50,250), 656 sq mi (1,699 sq km), SW Northern Ireland. Enniskillen is the major town, but the district council meets at Ardhowen. The Erne River, which widens into the extensive and beautiful Lough Erne, divides Fermanagh into two roughly equal parts. A hilly terrain, rising to more than 2,000 ft (610 m) in the south, is devoted largely to grazing. Farming (potatoes, beef and dairy cattle) is important to the local economy. Pottery (see Belleek ware) and linen are made, and some limestone and sandstone are quarried. Fermanagh is a popular tourist area.
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