Baeyer, Adolf von (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer) [key], 1835–1917, German chemist. He taught at Berlin and Strasbourg and in 1875 succeeded Liebig at Munich. For his work in organic chemistry, especially that on organic dyes and the hydroaromatic compounds, he received the 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His discovery of the molecular structure of indigo and his research on many other organic substances did much to develop the chemical industry of Germany. His collected works were published in German (1905).
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